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A Debian Developer's observations

20th October 2011 16:20 (GMT)
WEB.DE offers Phish

[UPDATE 2011-10-26] The story has developed.[/UPDATE]

Recently I was talking with somebody about the WEB.DE toolbar, and today I finally got around to look something up I was told then. And while I searched for the information on the download page for the WEB.DE toolbar, I stumbled over the download URL for the installer:


There I was magically attracted by the ns_url parameter, because it smelled like something where you could just pass any URL along. And indeed you can: http://wa.ui-portal.de/webde/webde/s?produkte.browserdownload.link.download.ff7&bd_mc=undef_undef&ns_type=pdf&ns_url=http://bundestrojaner.net/inhalt-bundestrojaner-gratis-download-3.html. That should redirect you to http://bundestrojaner.net/inhalt-bundestrojaner-gratis-download-3.html instead of http://dl.web.de/browser/firefox/WEB.DE_MFF7_Setup.exe.

This is a serious flaw, as it might allow an attacker to request a username and password combination from an unsuspecting user. With a harvest page designed to look like another WEB.DE page you should have a high return rate. This is, by the way, a flaw on the OWASP Top 10 (2010 edition).

I've informed somebody working for United Internet and expect the bug to be resolved pretty soon, hopefully it won't work anylonger when you read this.

Permalink | debian, security.
26th October 2011 12:18 (GMT)
comScore/Nedstat: a larger Phish market

You might have read my recent post about an open redirect on WEB.DE's homepage. Now, as it turns out, the spread of this particular bug is far wider, than I first thought.

After posting the previous story, I was surprised, how long it's taking to fix the bug. Then I remembered, that the domain for the redirect wasn't web.de but ui-portal.de. Now, knowing that WEB.DE is owned by United Internet doesn't make it that suspicious, but I was intrigued enough to check what the DNS said about the domain. And, as it turns out, the domain points to an IP owned by comScore/Nedstat:

$ dig @ wa.ui-portal.de

; <<>> DiG 9.7.3 <<>> @ wa.ui-portal.de
; (1 server found)
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 51273
;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 2, AUTHORITY: 3, ADDITIONAL: 3

;wa.ui-portal.de.               IN      A

wa.ui-portal.de.        10      IN      CNAME   wa-ui-portal-de.sitestat.com.
wa-ui-portal-de.sitestat.com. 30 IN     A

wa-ui-portal-de.sitestat.com. 83 IN     NS      glns03.sitestat.com.
wa-ui-portal-de.sitestat.com. 83 IN     NS      glns02.sitestat.com.
wa-ui-portal-de.sitestat.com. 83 IN     NS      glns01.sitestat.com.

glns01.sitestat.com.    24      IN      A
glns02.sitestat.com.    24      IN      A
glns03.sitestat.com.    24      IN      A

;; Query time: 63 msec
;; WHEN: Wed Oct 26 14:27:54 2011
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 202

All that is missing now, to confirm everything, is a whois for, which shows Nedstat B.V. as the owner (Nedstat is a part of comScore since 2010).

That was, when I realized, that there are probably a lot more sites offering such links, and as a search for inurl:ns_url=http shows (I'm not yet linking to a result page, but you can look it up yourself, of course), that assumption was correct. There are some big names like Siemens or the Bertelsmann Stiftung, using the click-tracking service by Nedstat, returned by the search. That is a problem, as links looking like they're pointing to a trustworthy site/domain have a high potential for being clicked. Most people won't notice the open redirect, especially not, if the attacker took some time to design a target page, that looks like the original (most likely for phishing) or let the redirect point directly at some installer for malicious software or both.

I've informed Siemens and the Bertelsmann Stiftung too, but I can't inform every affected website operator, so I've informed comScore/Nedstat directly and hope, they'll fix the issue in a timely manner. And not less important: inform their customers immediately.

Permalink | debian, security.

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